Natural Resource Management (BCC, IWRM)
In Balochistan, majority of the rural population is poverty stricken with deteriorated living conditions because of continuously imposed pressure for survival resulting in degradation of agricultural and range lands where water is the scarcest natural resource for domestic and agriculture purpose. BRSP implemented two NRM projects in districts; Killa Abdullah and Ziarat, mainly concerned with watershed management and forest conservation.
In the area of water, sanitation and hygiene, 1,123 drinking water supply schemes were rehabilitated/constructed that benefitted more than one million individuals; 22,749 low-cost latrines were constructed for 138,159 poor households in 234 villages, and 156 villages declared as open-defecation free by the Government of Balochistan.
The official estimates for 2016-17 are that 70 percent of the children in Balochistan who are in the age group that should be in primary or secondary school (classes 1 to 12) are out of school; 78 percent of the girls and 64 percent of the boys are in this category. The estimated number of out of school children in Balochistan is 1.91 million.
Recognizing that provision of educational institutions to all areas of Balochistan is unattainable in the short term, BRSP, inspired by the cost-effective, service delivery model, is coordinating with BACE and other government bodies to extend formal education to all 23,000 settlements across Balochistan. In the 13,000 hamlets where primary schools exist, BRSP proposes to integrate ALP into their curriculum; while in the (10,000-12,000) far-flung areas where no schools are available, BRSP aspires to use local mosques as schools, based on the formal education curriculum, duly recognized by the Government of Balochistan.
For poverty reduction, BRSP worked through COs to identify the poorest and helped establish village-level micro businesses for 7,350 beneficiaries (4,296 men and 3,054 women) by providing assets for various trades (livestock and poultry development, agricultural inputs and other businesses) identified by the beneficiaries. These and related initiatives are described in the chapter on poverty reduction.
A large-scale initiative in the health sector strengthened 717 health facilities, provided medicines to 1,157 health facilities and facilitated one million people through mobile health units. Another initiative improved infrastructure and provided medicine and equipment in 114 health facilities and facilitated 650,000 individuals at the targeted health facilities. Through behaviour change communication (BCC), the programme sensitized 735,000 people on malaria, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) hepatitis and nutrition. It supported malaria eradication through the distribution of 1.19 million long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs: mosquito nets impregnated with insecticide) in 10 districts
BRSP’s goal in health sector is “To contribute in poverty reduction by improving the access and quality of health services in Balochistan”. BRSP’s approach around health interventions focuses on three major components:
Special efforts are made to reach out to the marginalized and the vulnerable especially persons with disabilities. BRSP believes in including the excluded. the World Bank estimates that 20% of the world’s poorest people are PWDs, and tend to be regarded as the most disadvantaged people in their communities (UNCRPD, 2008).
BRSP under BRACE Programme conducted a comprehensive survey in 211 union councils to identify persons with special needs. Consequently, 44,885 PWSNs having 70,901 different types of special needs were identified which is 2.91% of total population of the seven target districts.
BRSP started working for Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) in 2016 when Balochistan Community Development Programme (BCDP) funded by European Union allocated funds for PWDs in 40 Union Councils of 4 Districts of Balochistan; Zhob, Loralai, Jhal Magsi and Khuzdar. The project provided assistive devices to 616 PWDs including; 150 wheelchairs, 50 tricycle/hand cycle, 50 crutches, 40 white canes, 120 hearing aids, 195 artificial limbs/hands, one electric bed and 10 modified 70 cc motorcycles.
BRACE disability component 3376 PWDs will be supported with the appropriate assistive devices. Furthermore, BRSP with the financial support of PATRIP Foundation, has initiated a relief programme for PWDs of 7 bordering districts of Balochistan. 3-D technology is being introduced at Al-Khidmat Hospital Quetta, to provide state of the art orthotic and prosthetic support to PWDs in Balochistan. Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) is the most marginalized subgroup.