Physical Infrastructure and Technological Development (PITD)

Physical Infrastructure and Technological Development (PITD)

Introduction:

Physical Infrastructure & Technology Development is one of the most important interventions introduced by BRSP. Keeping in view the scale and importance of PITD related work, BRSP established a separate unit with a very strong resource base and this unit is comprehensively undertaking various CPI schemes. PITD Section is playing an important role in poverty alleviation at grassroots level through fulfilling the immediate community needs and providing quick, efficient and cost effective solutions to the infrastructure related community problems. On the parallel side; PITD is also playing a pivotal role in strengthening of social mobilization process and keep partner CIs empowering through their involvement in the process of service delivery. As BRSP strongly believes in participation, transparency and efficiency of development process at grassroots level; so for the purpose of launching CPI schemes; BRSP always take care of such elements during the course of implementation. For every CPI scheme; technical and financial support is essentially made available to partner communities after an in depth assessment and analysis of community’s undeniable consent, sincerity, devotion and commitment to organize, share, plan, monitor and evaluate the process of scheme implementation. The main purpose of all this business is to empower community organization so that it can extend its role beyond the partnership with BRSP and act as local platform for change and integrated development of the village.

BRSP’s social mobilization team is the main source of preparing ground for every type of organizational interventions in any particular area. According to the spirit and philosophy of RSP; community organization is a mandatory element for initiating development process at grassroots level and nothing can be executed without social mobilization and community organization because the main objective of this model is to “harness people’s potential for their own development and change”. Therefore; BRSP always takes care of strong and wishful social mobilization and community organization at local level so that BRSP does not only achieve desired pre-requisites for the implementation of its core program but also empowers local communities. After having been mobilized and organized through the support provided by BRSP, the local communities proceed to such a position where they are fully capable of assuming the responsibility of bringing social and economic change within the jurisdiction of their locality.

The CPI intervention starts when CI achieve a certain required level of maturity and set of indispensable skills through the capacity building process; at this stage partnership enters practical phase and CIs are ready to assume higher level responsibilities of implementing CPI schemes. To start with; both partners carry out an in-depth assessment and analysis of CI’s commitment, sincerity and intensity of problem identified by the community itself. In case of a positive outcome of this analysis; BRSP is ready to provide technical and financial support on cost sharing basis to the partner CI, so that the felt need can be fulfilled. At this point; this is pertinent to explain that the partnership between BRSP and local communities is flexible and not simply limited to “cost sharing” but rather it is a holistic and multifaceted collaboration between these two including awareness and advocacy campaigns, education and motivation of the local people, financial and technical participation from local communities, participation in decision making through taking part in the assessment, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the programs and projects prioritization by the communities themselves.

The Objectives of PITD section are to:

  • To assist & support the process of social mobilization in organizing the local community, strengthening the existing Community Organization (COs) / Village Organizations and forming new COs, VDO’s & LSO’s by utilizing the CPIs as a vehicle of intervention and out reach to the rural poor.
  • To demonstrate the acquired capacity of the community to other agencies.
  • To involve local community in identification, planning, execution and monitoring of physical infrastructure schemes.
  • To enhance capacity of local community.
  • Efficient and productive use of local resources.
  • To create sense of ownership and responsibility.
  • Community need assessment.
  • To develop a transparent system during execution of infrastructure schemes.
  • To create effective linkages between community and other agencies.
  • Collaboration with other sectors.
  • Introduction of low cost technologies for adoption.

Scope of PITD interventions

  • Water supply schemes and dams;
  • Karezat and Community Based Mini dams;
  • Irrigation and water courses;
  • Street pavement and drainage;
  • Link roads;
  • Renewable energy generation projects;
  • Introduction of new technologies;

Methodology for Implementing CPI Schemes:

The whole working strategy of BRSP clearly shows that it is based on the principle of community participation; therefore; partner communities are fully involved in the various stages of social development process at local level. Both partners are primarily responsible for executing various activities in accordance with their resources and expertise. To begin with; communities identify and prioritize CPI schemes and organizational staff takes care of the technical and financial feasibilities and estimation for prioritized schemes. After confirmation of the schemes, terms of partnership (TOP) is signed between BRSP and local community organization, followed by the formation of various committees for candid, efficient and cost effective project implementation. These committees such as Project / procurement committee, Audit / Monitoring committee and Maintenance Committee are comprised of CI members.

After the formation of required committees for discharging assumed roles and responsibilities; following steps are completed as pre and post implementation stages;    

  • Project Implementation and Management
  • Construction Management
  • Financial Management

Operation and Maintenance of CPI Schemes

  • Monitoring and evaluation of the CPI Schemes

Progress of PITD  Under PPAF-CPI unit  Funding

BRSP successfully implemented PPAF-I ,II and III, BRSP CPI-Phase I to X in Mastung, Bolan, Khuzdar, Kharan , Pishin, Sherani and Zhob  Districts of Balochistan province. A total of 841 community physical infrastructure schemes (CPIs) were completed against 841 planned CPI’s in Mastung, Bolan, Khuzdar, Kharan , Pishin, Sherani and Zhob  Districts of Balochistan province. These CPIs include clean drinking water supply schemes, irrigation schemes, sanitation , protective works , Technological innervations and rural roads schemes were completed with the active participation and contribution of communities in the period of 2001 to June-2015.

For launching these schemes 1,116 CI’s were formed and the total cost of all projects PKR.481,736,904/- with community contribution of PKR.109,729,377/- and contribution of PPAF-CPI-Unit PKR.372,007,527/-

Progress of PITD under DMPP Bolan-I, Irrigation and Karez Rehabilitation project and DMPP-Zhob (Funded by PPAF Water Management Center)

BRSP successfully implemented 3 phases of DMPP with the funding of FFAF-WMC unit, in Bolan, Kalat and Districts of Balochistan province. A total of 194 community physical infrastructure schemes (CPIs) were completed against 195 planned CPI’s in unit in, Bolan, Kalat Districts of Balochistan province. These CPIs include clean drinking water supply schemes, irrigation schemes, sanitation , protective works  and Technological innervations .

For launching these schemes 185 CI’s were formed and the total cost of all projects PKR.115,279,940/- with community contribution of PKR.83,552,223/- and contribution of PPAF-WMC-Unit PKR.31,727,717/-

Progress of PITD under IAUP(Funded by MLG&RD)

Two model villages have successfully been completed in Village Kohing, district Kalat and Lushti Nazar Muhammad District Loralai. Various natures of works like drinking water supply scheme, pavement of streets, construction of drains, latrine construction, sewerage systems and vocational centre etc ware completed in these model villages.

Progress of PITD under PPP’s (Funded by USAID/RSPN)

10 CPI Schemes under Pubic Private Partnership funded by USAID/RSPN have been completed in various districts of Balochistan like Loralai, Pishin, Quetta, Ziarat, Mastung.

Progress of PITD under early recovery   (Funded by UNDP)

82 CPI Schemes under early recovery project funded by UNDP have been completed in district Jafferabad after Flood 2010.